Wei Tingting MS, RN
Support care cancer, IF 3.08

Music interventions for chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Ting-ting Wei, Xu TianFang-yuan Zhang , Wan-min Qiang, Ai-li Bai


Background: Chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) is the most common and severe side effects brought by chemotherapeutics. The role of music interventions in relieving CINV is uncertain. The aim of this systematic review was to test the effects of music interventions on three categories of CINV.

Methods: A systematic search was conducted in Cochrane Central Register of Controlled trials (CENTRAL), Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), PubMed, EMBASE, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), WanFang and Chinese Biomedical Database (CBM) in order to capture randomized controlled trials (RCTs) investigating the comparative efficacy of music interventions and others. Two investigators screened, sorted and extracted the data, and appraised the risk of bias. All statistical analyses were performed using RevMan 5.3 software.

Results: The literature search yielded 608 studies of which only ten RCTs fulfilled the eligibility criteria with 632 patients retrieved. Although the duration, frequency of interventions and the type of selected music varied across studies, commonly used elements included music listening. Results showed that music interventions were associated with reducing the incidence of anticipatory CINV and lowering the severity of delayed vomiting (MD=-0.65, 95%CI=-1.08- -0.23). However, strongly controversial results existed in terms of reducing the incidence of acute and delayed CINV, the severity of acute CINV, the severity of delayed nausea and improving patients' quality of life.

Conclusions: Music interventions may effectively reduce the incidence of anticipatory CINV and relieve the severity of delayed vomiting in patients with chemotherapy based on limited data. However, the conclusion should be interpreted with caution and further research is required to design with large-scale and rigorous methods.

Keywords: Music therapy, Chemotherapy, Nausea, Vomiting, Systematic review.